I did some internet research on the Pledge and this is some of the
information I found.
Francis Bellamy (1855 - 1931), a Baptist
minister, wrote the original Pledge in August 1892. He was a Christian
The Pledge was published in the September 8th issue of The Youth's
Companion, the leading family magazine and the Reader's Digest of its day.
In 1892 Francis Bellamy was also a chairman of a committee of state
superintendents of education in the National Education Association. As its
chairman, he prepared the program for the public schools' quadricentennial
celebration for Columbus Day in 1892. He structured this public school
program around a flag raising ceremony and a flag salute.
In the material which he nationally circulated, he wrote, "Let the
flag float over every school-house in the land and the exercise be such as
shall impress upon our youth the patriotic duty of citizenship." He
also included the original 23 words of the Pledge which he had developed.
allegiance to my Flag, and (to*) the Republic for which it stands: one
Nation indivisible, With Liberty and Justice for all.
* 'to' added in October, 1892.
Thus it was that on Columbus Day in October 1892, the Pledge of
Allegiance was repeated by more than 12 million public school children in
every state in the union.
He considered placing the word, 'equality,' in his Pledge, but knew
that the state superintendents of education on his committee were against
equality for women and African Americans.
Mr. Bellamy was asked to remove himself as a minister as his beliefs
were considered too socialist for him to continue to serve in that
capacity. He moved from his homestate of New York to Florida where he
discontinued attending Church altogether, considering it racist. He passed
away in 1931.
The pledge as we know it was changed three times since Mr. Bellamy
first penned it.
On June 14, 1923, at the First National Flag Conference held in
Washington, D.C., the 'leadership of the American Legion and the Daughters
of the American Revolution changed the Pledge's words. The words "the
flag of the United States" were substituted for "my
flag."on the grounds that some foreign-born children and adults when
giving the Pledge might have in mind the flag of their native land.In
In 1924, "of America" was added.
The Pledge of Allegiance continued to be recited daily by children in
schools across America, and gained heightened popularity among adults
during the patriotic fervor created by World War II. It still was an
"unofficial" pledge until June 22, 1942 when the United States
Congress included the Pledge to the Flag in the United States Flag Code
(Title 36). In 1945 the Pledge to the Flag received its official title as:
The Pledge of Allegiance
The last change in the Pledge of Allegiance occurred on June 14 (Flag
Day), 1954 when President Dwight D. Eisenhower approved adding the words
"under God". As he authorized this change he said: "In this
way we are reaffirming the transcendence of religious faith in America's
heritage and future; in this way we shall constantly strengthen those
spiritual weapons which forever will be our country's most powerful
resource in peace and war."
As reviewed by Red Skelton
January 14, 1969
Me. An individual.
Dedicate all of my worldly goods to give without self-pity, a vow, a
allegiance All of my ability to give to protect you, to stand by you. A
devotion to duty.
to the flag...
to the flag. Our standard, Old Glory. A symbol of freedom.
of the United.......
of the United That means that we have all come together.
States Individual communities that have united into 50 great states. Fifty
individual communities with pride, dignity, and purpose. All divided by
imaginary boundaries, yet united to a common purpose, and that's love for
country. And now we give the "White signifies Purity and Innocence;
Red, Hardiness and Valor; and Blue, Vigilance, Perseverance and
Justice." flag meaning. The stars represent each of the state
gathered as one against a dark blue sky to shine through the night, the
stripes the beginning of the nation.
of America, That wilderness continent which was tamed by our courageous
forefathers, yet which remains to be protected for our children's
children. Created by God with highways of mountains and rivers, birds in
the sky and fish in lakes. Woods to provide protection and animals for
food and clothing.
and to the Republic.........
and to the Republic A state in which sovereign power is invested in
representatives chosen by the people to govern. That government is the
people, and it's from the people to the leaders, not from the leaders to
for which it stands.......
for which it stands; Our flag is the symbol of that Republic. Now given
meaning, a symbol to follow into battle, to protect, to gather around when
times look bad and to celebrate when times are good.
one nation a country created by God, a nation organized from 50 states
created by man..
under God, Supreme Being, the source of all power, life, light, truth,
justice, and love. God created America, the land, the rivers, the
mountains, the birds, animals, you and me. Man created the political
nation and now we dedicate the nation back to God.
indivisible, Incapable of being divided.
with liberty Freedom. The right or power to live one's own life without
threat or fear of some sort of retaliation. This does not mean we can do
whatever we want for we are a country of laws of checks and balances to
insure our liberty.
and justice The principle or quality of dealing fairly with others.
for all. Everybody. Each and every citizen of this country is entitled to
liberty and justice. Which means that it is just as much your country as
it is mine.